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Issue 8, Volume 4, August 2007
Print ISSN: 1109-9518
E-ISSN: 2224-2902







Title of the Paper: Study on Applying ISO/DIS 27799 to Healthcare Industry's ISMS


Authors: Kwo-Jean Farn, Jiann-Ming Hwang, Shu-Kuo Lin

Abstract: At present, as healthcare sites use more and more IT system, information systems have come to play an important role in the business operation of healthcare organizations. It is an important goal for management at healthcare organization in Taiwan to keep the security of healthcare informatics. HIPAA had been run about ten years in USA, thought its efficiency has still remained to be seen, HIPAA has become the benchmark of the information governance in the information security of healthcare industry. The Department of Health of Taiwan had adapted from HIPAA and issued the HISPP/GD that included 9 principles and 12 articles altogether. This text will probe into the ISO/DIS 27799, the feasibility of applying it to the management of domestic healthcare organization and the corresponding detail of ISMS. By this way, we hope that Taiwan’s healthcare organization could build a healthcare information system and manageable environment that according with the security requirements of confidentiality, integrality and availability.

Keywords: CNS1, HIPAA, HISPP/GD2, Risk Management, Information Governance, Healthcare Informatics Security, Information Security Management System (ISMS).

Title of the Paper: Imaging Spectrometry on Mangrove Species Identification and Mapping in Malaysia


Authors: Kamaruzaman, J and Kasawani, I

Abstract: This study was conducted in Tok Bali, Kelantan and Setiu, Terengganu, Malaysia with the objectives to determine the spectral properties and to identify the significant wavelength in discriminating five mangrove species at different locations. The five mangrove species selected were Rhizophora apiculata, Brugiuera cylindrica, Avicennia alba), Heritiera littoralis) and Hibiscus tiliaceus.. In the Near Infra Red (NIR) region, the mean spectral reflectance of five mangrove species at Tok Bali showed that the highest reflectance was recorded by R. apiculata with 84% and the lowest was recorded by A. alba with 69% spectral reflectance, respectively. Meanwhile at Setiu, the highest reflectance was represented by H. littoralis with 81% and the lowest was B. cylindrica with 73%. Spectral reflectance of five selected mangrove species were statistically tested using canonical stepwise discriminant analysis of SPSS program. Fifteen wavelengths were produced in discriminating among five selected mangrove species at both locations. Student t-test showed that there were no significant differences between spectral reflectance of mangrove species at Tok Bali and Setiu (P=0.345, P=0.778, P=0.753 and P= 0.513 greater than 0.05). These spectral signatures were also influenced by several factors such as cloud cover changes, atmospheric condition, leaf internal structure and chlorophyll content. This study therefore implies that individual mangrove species have a unique spectral reflectance and can be easily identified and mapped with a narrow contiguous wavelength bands in the NIR region.

Keywords: Mangrove, Spectral, Reflectance, Spectroradiometer, Wavelength, Stepwise analysis, Hyperspectral

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